Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province with an urban population of 8.5 million. Located in the eastern part of China, it plays an important role in the regional cultural, economic, scientific and academic life, with over 50 universities, more than 500 scientific research institutions, and a great number of professional and technical personnel. It is also the hub of transportation in the region, with numberless high-speed railway, waterway, and airlines connected with all parts of China, as well as with major cities of other countries.
Being in the subtropical monsoon climate, the four seasons in Nanjing are clearly demarcated. It has short spring and fall and relatively longer summer and winter, with annual mean temperature of 16℃ and precipitation of 1,100 mm.
Nanjing is one of the most famous national historical and cultural cities in China, and was capital of six dynasties, namely Wu, Jin, Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen. There are many well-known scenic spots such as the Dr.Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum, Ming Palace Museum, Mausoleum of the Ming Emperor, the ancient city wall of Ming Dynasty, the stone carvings of Southern Tang Dynasty, the Tombs of Southern Tang Emperors, Pagoda for Buddist Relics, the Mural Painting in Tangzi Street. The Qinhuai River Scenic Belt, the Xuanwu Lake, the Mochou Lake and the Qixia Mountain are also well-known far and near. Among them, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum and the Qinhuai River Scenic Belt are among 40 best tourist scenic spots in China.
Nanjing food is a smooth combination of regional and local flavors. Traditional Nanjing style is called Jiangsu cuisine. Some of the best places to try typical Jiangsu food are around Qinghua River and Hunan Road. Salty duck, tangbao (steamed dumplings filled with minced meat and gravy), sweet potato seedling of osmanthus fragrans, sesame seed ball, congee with red bean and glutinous rice are the most famous local food in Nanjing.